What is a concussion?
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head or by a jolt to the body that jars your head. It affects your ability to think and remember things.
Because concussions are a common type of injury in sport, it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and treatment.
- Nausea or vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Ringing in the ears
- Balance issues
- Low energy
- Not thinking clearly
- Slow response
- Mental fog
- Difficulty concentrating
- Memory problems
- Easily upset
- Emotional ups and downs
What to do if you suspect a concussion
Athletes should not return to play or any other physical activity if they suspect a concussion.
If you think that you or your child may have a concussion, see a doctor immediately.
Seek emergency care if the following symptoms are present:
- Neck pain or tenderness
- Double vision
- Weakness in arms or legs
- Severe headache
- Seizure or convulsion
- Loss of consciousness
- Repeated vomiting
- Slurred speech
- Prolonged ringing in the ears
- Unusual behaviour
- Nose bleeds
- Confusion (difficulty recognizing people or places)
There are steps you can take to minimize the possibility of a concussion.
- Wear protective equipment that fits properly and is well-maintained.
- Follow the rules of the game and practice good sportsmanship.
- Exercise regularly so that your entire body is strong and agile.
- Increase awareness by sharing concussion information with other athletes.